Bardeen, John

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b. 23 May 1908 Madison, Wisconsin, USA
d. 30 January 1991 Boston, Massachusetts, USA
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American physicist, the first to win the Nobel Prize for Physics twice.
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Born the son of a professor of anatomy, he studied electrical engineering at the University of Wisconsin. He then worked for three years as a geophysicist at the Gulf Research Laboratories before taking a PhD in mathematical physics at Princeton, where he was a graduate student. For some time he held appointments at the University of Minnesota and at Harvard, and during the Second World War he joined the US Naval Ordnance Laboratory. In 1945 he joined the Bell Telephone Laboratories to head a new department to work on solid-state devices. While there, he and W.H. Brattain in 1948 published a paper that introduced the transistor. For this he, Brattain and Shockley won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1956. In 1951 he moved to the University of Illinois as Professor of Physics and Electrical Engineering. There he worked on superconductivity, a phenomenon described in 1911 by Kamerling-Onnes. Bardeen worked with L.N. Cooper and J.A.Schrieffer, and in 1972 they were awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics for the "BCS Theory", which suggested that, under certain circumstances at very low temperatures, electrons can form bound pairs.
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Principal Honours and Distinctions
Nobel Prize for Physics (jointly with Brattain and Shockley) 1956, (jointly with Cooper and Schrieffer) 1972.
Further Reading
Isaacs and E.Martin (eds), 1985, Longmans Dictionary of 20th Century Biography.
IMcN

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bardeen, John — born May 23, 1908, Madison, Wis., U.S. died Jan. 30, 1991, Boston, Mass. U.S. physicist. He earned a Ph.D. in mathematical physics from Princeton University. He worked for the U.S. Naval Ordnance Laboratory during World War II, after which he… …   Universalium

  • Bardeen, John — ► (1908 91) Físico estadounidense. Fue premio Nobel de Física en dos ocasiones: la primera, en 1956, compartido con W. B. Shockley y W. H. Brattain, por sus trabajos relativos al descubrimiento de los transistores; la segunda, en 1972, compartido …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bardeen , John — (1908–1991) American physicist Bardeen, the son of a professor of anatomy, was born in Madison, Wisconsin, and studied electrical engineering at the University of Wisconsin. He obtained his PhD in mathematical physics at Princeton in 1936.… …   Scientists

  • Bardeen,John — Bar·deen (bär dēnʹ), John. 1908 1991. American physicist. He shared a Nobel Prize in 1956 for the development of the electronic transistor and in 1972 for a theory of superconductivity. * * * …   Universalium

  • Bardeen — John …   Scientists

  • Bardeen — Bardeen, John …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • John R. Schrieffer — John Robert Schrieffer (* 31. Mai 1931 in Oak Park, Illinois) ist ein amerikanischer Physiker. Schrieffer erhielt 1972 zusammen mit Leon N. Cooper und John Bardeen den Nobelpreis für Physik „für ihre gemeinsam entwickelte Theorie des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bardeen — (John) (1908 1991) physicien américain. P. Nobel en 1956 (travaux sur les semiconducteurs, invention, en 1954, du transistor) et 1972 (travaux sur la supraconductivité) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • John Bardeen — Infobox Scientist name = John Bardeen imagesize = 110px caption = John Bardeen birth date = birth date|1908|5|23|df=y birth place = Madison, Wisconsin, USA death date = death date and age|1991|1|30|1908|5|23 death place = Boston, Massachusetts… …   Wikipedia

  • Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer — Die BCS Theorie ist eine Vielteilchentheorie zur Erklärung der Supraleitung in Metallen. Die BCS Theorie wurde 1957 von John Bardeen, Leon N. Cooper und John R. Schrieffer entwickelt. Der Name leitet sich aus den Anfangsbuchstaben der Nachnamen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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